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Cumulative live birth rate after oocyte in vitro maturation with a pre-maturation step in women with polycystic ovary syndrome or high antral follicle count

DOI: 10.1007/s10815-023-02752-9

Huy H Pham 1 2Anh H Le 3 4Anh M Nguyen 4 5Uyen D Ha 3 4Tri C Nguyen 4Toan D Pham 4Ho L Le 3 4Tien K Le 3 4Bao G Huynh 4 5Tuong M Ho 4 5Lan N Vuong 4 6

Published: 23 February, 2023

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Purpose: This study evaluated the 24-month cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or high antral follicle count (AFC) who underwent oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) with pre-maturation step (CAPA-IVM).
Methods: This multicenter, retrospective study was performed at IVFMD, My Duc Hospital, and IVFMD Phu Nhuan, My Duc Phu Nhuan Hospital from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2019. All women with PCOS or high AFC treated with a CAPA-IVM cycle were included. Cumulative live birth was defined as at least one live birth resulting from the initiated CAPA-IVM cycle. Where a woman did not return for embryo transfer, outcomes were followed up until 24 months from the day of oocyte aspiration. Logistic regression was performed to identify factors predicting the CLBR.
Results: Data from 374 women were analyzed, 368 of whom had embryos for transfer (98.4%), and six had no embryos for transfer (1.6%). The oocyte maturation rate was 63.2%. The median number of frozen embryos was 4 [quartile 1, 2; quartile 3, 6]. Cumulative clinical pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy rates were 60.4% and 43.6%, respectively. At 24 months after starting CAPA-IVM treatment, the CLBR was 38.5%. Multivariate analysis showed that patient age and number of frozen embryos were significant predictors of cumulative live birth after CAPA-IVM.
Conclusions: CAPA-IVM could be considered as an alternative to in vitro fertilization for the management of infertility in women with PCOS or a high AFC who require assisted reproductive technology.


CAPA-IVM; Cumulative live birth rate; Frozen embryo transfer; In vitro maturation.